Deepin 15.4 Review Supplement:Installation Screenshots

May 1, 2017, 6 p.m.

by ORDINATECHNIC

The Deepin Linux project has just released version 15.4 of their OS. The installer is simple and straightforward, suitable for those new to GNU/Linux, and is as beautiful as the installed. Screenshots of the installation process are presented here. You can also read a review of the installed system.

Introduction

This installation was made on an Acer VN7-592G-70EN by using the UEFI boot menu after powering on the laptop to select the Deepin USB Media. The specification relevant to the installation failure during the first attempt is the disks and existing partitions. This laptop has one 128GB SSD and one 1TB mechanical disk, shown as /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc respectively in the following slides created on the installed system. Note that in the set of slides from the first attempt at installation, these disks are shown as /dev/sda and /dev/sdb, and in the second attempt as /dev/sdb and /dev/sdc. This discrepancy may be related to the installation failure during the first attempt.

  • slide 1
    The First Disk
    This disk has the EFI partition which was correctly used by the Deepin installer. It also has the root partitions of an openSUSE Tumbleweed and an Ubuntu 16.04 installations, as well as the partitions for a Windows 10 installation.
  • slide 1
    The Second Disk
    The disk chosen for the Deepin installer. In the first attempt I selected the existing thirteenth partition for the root and created a fourteenth partition for Deepin's home.
Disks and Partitions on Test Machine

Before I started this installation, I had started to prepare a partition for the / and /home partitions in another Linux installation on this computer, but stopped after creating only the root partition, so I could see how Deepin could handle using an existing partition and creating a new partition.

After the installation failure, I decided to remove the partition I created for the / filesystem and create both partitions for root and home within the Deepin installer. This time the installation completed successfully.

First Attempt at Installation

This set of screenshots shows the installation form the first screen through all configuration screens to a notification that the installation failed immediately after the writing of files to the disk commenced.

  • slide 1
    Language Selection
    Some reviewers have stated that language and time zone are selected automatically by geographical location -- using network tools -- but this didn't happen in my case. I was connected to a wireless network that automatically usually reconnects after reboot based on MAC address, so I had expected this to happen.
  • slide 1
    Creating a User Account
    It is not possible to select the user's avatar on this screen.
  • slide 1
    Installation Location Selection (Simple)
    If choosing the simple installation method the available targets are displayed by disk. The installer knows existing installations based on partition name or label. Targets with an existing Windows installation have the Windows logo and those with an existing Linux installation have the Linux penguin.
  • slide 1
    Installation Location Selection (Advanced)
    Selecting the advanced option on the previous screen will list all existing partitions and unallocated space. Selecting an existing partition will display an 'Edit' icon on the representation of the selected partition.
  • slide 1
    Editing an Existing Partition
    Clicking the 'Edit' icon will display this screen where the user may select a filesystem, specify a mount point, and indicate the partition should be formatted.
  • slide 1
    Editing an Existing Partition
    Preconfigured options are selectable using the dropdown menus.
  • slide 1
    Creating a New Partition
    Selecting unallocated space on a particular disk will display an 'Add' icon. Clicking this icon will display the following screen, where a new partition can be created.
  • slide 1
    Creating a New Partition
    File system options for a new partition are ext2, ext3, ext4, xfs, jfs, and efi (fat32 with an ESP flag).
  • slide 1
    Creating a New Partition
    It would be nice to have an option to be able to type in the size of the partition in addition to only a slider. The slider is scrollable though.
  • slide 1
    EFI Partition
    Clicking the 'Edit' icon after selecting the EFI partition in the overview of the disk (in advanced mode) shows that the EFI partition is automatically selected and
  • slide 1
    Swap Partition
    The swap partition listed in the disk overview.
  • slide 1
    Swap Partition
    Like the EFI partition, the swap partition is also automatically selected and configured to be used in the installed system as swap space. Unfortunately it is not also configured to be used as a resume device.
  • slide 1
    Targeted Partitions for Installation
    There is a visual indicator to show the partitions selected to be used for the installation in the form of a path to the mount point in bright orange.
  • slide 1
    Summary of Disks to Be Modified and Request for Confirmation
    The location for / and /home are mentioned in the warning. The warning also notifies users if a new partition is being created or formatted for these mount points.
  • slide 1
    Installation Failure
    The first attempt at installation failed. A QR code that can be used to send the errors to the developers is displayed.
  • slide 1
    Installation Failure
    Behind the QR code is output from the relevant processes that indicates the source of the error. I suspect the actual problem that caused this failure is much more serious than indicated by this output. Read the review of Deepin 15.4 to find out what I think about this.
Installing Deepin 15.4.
The Deepin Installer, like the Deepin Desktop Environment has a very nice aesthetic design and simple, intuitive operation for uncomplicated setups i.e. without encryption, LLVM, RAID -- suitable for most users.

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Second Attempt at Installation

In the second attempt of installing Deepin 15.4, I decided to create the partitions to be used for this installation within the installer. As I mentioned above, the device designations are different this time even though I started the installation the same way.

  • slide 1
    Selecting Unallocated Space for a New Partition
    Unallocated space on the disk is referred to as 'Freespace'. We know this unallocated space is on the second disk because partitions are grouped by disk.
  • slide 1
    Creating a New Partition
    Creating a partition for /
  • slide 1
    Creating a New Partition
    Creating a partition for /home
  • slide 1
    Disk and Partition Overview for Installation Location Selection
    Note the change in device designation from the previous attempt.
  • slide 1
    Selected Installation Locations
  • slide 1
    Summary of Disks to Be Modified and Request for Confirmation
  • slide 1
    Installation Slideshow
  • slide 1
    Installation Slideshow
  • slide 1
    Successful Installation
Installing Deepin 15.4.
I suspect there was a mismatch between the partitions displayed as to be used for installation and partitions to be actually used in the partition modification processes of the installer. And why the difference in device designations?

Booting from the Installation Media

  • slide 1
    Booting the Installation Media
    Using the UEFI boot menu on this Acer (F12) shows this selection menu. The media creates two options Command Linpus lite and Linpus lite. As far as I could tell there is no difference in behavior between these two options. Both activate the GRUB menu shown in the next slide.
  • slide 1
    The GRUB Menu of the Installation Media
    There is no option for a live session from the USB media.
Installing Deepin 15.4.
Starting the installation from the media.

Registering Deepin's GRUB Firmware in the Acer UEFI Interface

  • slide 1
    The Security Tab of the InsydeH20 UEFI Interface.
    All Linux installations on this computers must have GRUB EFI firmware installed by the distribution in the EFI System Partition registered by selecting the appropriate entry on this screen.
  • slide 1
    The Boot Tab of the InsydeH20 UEFI Interface Before Registering Deepin's GRUB Firmware.
    The appropriate entry wasn't selectable and I didn't remember how I did it during the last installation so I tried changing the supervisor password, a necessity if disabling Secure Boot on this computer. This didn't work.
  • slide 1
    The Security Tab of the InsydeH20 UEFI Interface.
    I didn't remember what action allowed me to activate the appropriate entry the last time I installed a Linux distro on this computer, so first I tried changing the UEFI interface supervisor password.
  • slide 1
    The Security Tab of the InsydeH20 UEFI Interface.
    The action that allowed the activation of the menu entry for 'Select and UEFI file as trusted for executing' was to temporarily enable Secure Boot.
  • slide 1
    Navigating the EFI Partition Directory Hierarchy
    The EFI partition is automatically mounted at /boot/efi by the Deepin installer. The folders seen here are the same ones that can be seen at /boot/efi from within the desktop environment.
  • slide 1
    Registering Deepin's GRUB
    The deepin directory in the EFI partition contains several efi firmware programs, one of which is grub64.efi. I selected this file to register with the UEFI firmware.
  • slide 1
    Request for Confirmation from the UEFI Interface
    This will finalize registering Deepin's GRUB with the UEFI system.
  • slide 1
    Deepin's GRUB Listed in the Boot Tab of the Firmware Interface
    Deepin's GRUB is now listed with the available firmware devices and programs that can be used for booting.
Acer VN7-592G Specific Steps for Completing the Installation
This process must be performed to use Deepin's GRUB to boot the system. If that is not desired, another distribution's GRUB can be updated to include the new Deepin Installation.
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